Headache Remedy News and Information
Headache Remedy News and Information
February 26, 2007
Study finds painkillers raise blood pressure
The benefit outweighs the risk
By Maggie Fox, Health and Science Editor
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Popular painkillers such as aspirin, ibuprofen and acetaminophen can raise blood pressure and thus the risk of heart disease among men, U.S. researchers reported on Monday.
Men who took such drugs for most days in a week were about one-third more likely to be diagnosed with high blood pressure than men not taking them, the researchers found.
Their findings, published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, reinforce a study published in 2002 that these commonly used drugs raise blood pressure in women.
"This is a potentially preventable cause of high blood pressure," Dr. John Forman of Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, who led the study, said in a statement.
Millions of people take the painkillers as pills every day to treat headaches, arthritis, muscle pulls and other aches and pains.
"These are the three most commonly used drugs in the United States," Dr. Gary Curhan, who also worked on the study, said in a telephone interview.
For their study, the researchers looked at a continuing study of male health professionals. After they filtered out everyone who already had high blood pressure and other problems, they had 16,000 men whose records they checked for a 4 year period.
Men who took acetaminophen (paracetamol), sold generically and under the Tylenol brand name, six or seven days a week were 34 percent more likely to be diagnosed with high blood pressure than men who did not take analgesics.
Men who took aspirin that regularly were 26 percent more likely to have high blood pressure than non-users. For non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDS, which include ibuprofen and naproxen, the increased risk was 38 percent.
Read full article Study finds painkillers raise blood pressure
Wednesday, June 21, 2006
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Medication overuse headache (MOH) "remains an important problem," but the drugs most likely associated with the overuse have changed dramatically in the past 15 years, according to headache specialists.
Triptans, like sumatriptan, are now an important cause of probable MOH, although these drugs cause headaches less frequently than do other medications, report Dr. Chelsea A. Meskunas from Princeton University in New Jersey and colleagues. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen are more important now than they were in the past, whereas ergotamine overuse is very rare.
Excessive use of anti-headache medication can lead to MOH. Although evidence suggests that frequent use of analgesics does not, per se, cause frequent headaches in everyone, in people who suffer migraines, overuse of painkillers is associated with an increase in the frequency of headaches, Meskunas and colleagues note. Frequent use of these medications may also render them less effective.
"Since many patients are overusing prescribed medications, public health initiatives should focus on educating doctors and patients about the importance of setting limits on the prescription and taking of acute medication, emphasizing that overuse of specific acute migraine medications may also be associated with probable MOH," they conclude.
Meskunas and colleagues reviewed the charts of 1,200 acute headache patients seen at one headache center during the years of 2005, 2000, 1995, and 1990. To gauge trends in MOH, the investigators selected 300 patients per year of interest.
The number of patients with a diagnosis of probable MOH remained "remarkably stable" over the study period, varying from 64 percent of all cases seen in the headache center in 1990 to 59 percent in 2005, the team reports.
The relative frequency of probable ergotamine overuse headache fell significantly, from 19 percent to 0 percent, whereas the frequency of probable overuse headache involving triptans, a newer class of drugs, rose significantly, from 0 percent to 22 percent.
The frequency of overuse headache due to simple analgesics increased from 8 percent to 32 percent, and for combinations of acute medications from 10 percent to 23 percent. The rate of opioid overuse headache declined, but the change was not significant.
"Acquiring up-to-date knowledge on the substances associated with probable MOH is a necessary step for planning strategies to address and relieve the burden of a sizeable number of headache patients," the authors write.
SOURCE: Headache May 2006.